Sketches from Church History by S M Houghton Chapter 3

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sketches
Some of us are going through Sketches from Church History by S M Houghton one small chapter at a time. (By the way, the book has pictures.) Aiding us in this study is the work book by Rebecca Frawley. Both are Banner of Truth books.
Now we are at
Chapter 3  Constantine the Great

Some keywords/names to remember/key ideas from this chapter are:

  • Constantine professed Christianity. Stopped persecution (Edict of Milan AD 313). Christian Sunday recognised as a day of rest. Emperor became ruler of the church.
  • On the one hand there was relief from persecution. But on the other hand, worldliness crept into the church.
  • Arius of Alexandria (Egypt) declared that Jesus was not divine and that He was a created being.
  • Athanasius, also of Alexandria, wrote ‘On the Incarnation of the Word of God’ in response to Arian error.
  • Also in response to the heresy of Arius, under Constantine, the general council of the Church at Nicea (Bithynia) met in 325 AD. They adopted the Nicene Creed.
  • Julian the Apostate became emperor. He wrote against Christianity and reversed many of Constantine’s measures.
  • Later emperors brought back Constantine’s arrangements. They also forbade divination.
  • Emperor Gratian (375-383 AD) refused the title Pontifix Maximus (or ‘Chief Priest’). The old religion of Rome was called Pagan or the religion of the peasants.

To read more about Sketches from Church History

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